Organic Emily

Month by Month Garden Calender

rp_Companion-Planting-Front-Yard-224x300.jpgI get lots of questions as to when to prepare the garden and  plant certain things.  Through my own experience and research I came up with this month by month gardening schedule!  Planting times and outdoor chores are subject to change due to weather.   Each month is an approximate 4 week month, days and times may vary.   List is subject to change depending on what I do in the garden, but here are the basics.

 

JANUARY

Week 1 – If snow is sparse water evergreen trees and shrubs

Week 2 -  Order seed catalog’s and get your seeds ordered for the year.

Weeks 3-4 – Start perennial herbs indoors.

 

FEBRUARY

Week 1 – Start broccoli, spinach and cabbage indoors

Week 2-3 – If snow has been sparse water evergreen trees and shrubs

Week 4 – Sharpen pruning tools.  Prune trees and non- flowering shrubs while dormant or sign up for a free class in March at the Conservation Garden Park in West Jordan UT.  Begin yard clean up of any debris.

 

MARCH

Week 1 – Start cauliflower and lettuce seeds indoors. Start tomatoes and peppers indoors if planning to place under walls of water mid April ( in 6 weeks).

Week 2 – Apply dormant oil to fruit trees if using.  Continue yard clean up and apply a top cover of compost, 3-4 inches in all beds.  Prepare garden beds by gently mixing organic compost and organic fertilizer into vegetable beds.  Start planting Group A Hardy Plants (see list below) from seeds or starts outside as soon as soil can be worked (can be moist,but not wet).

Week 3 – Bare root fruit trees and shrubs become available at local nurseries.

Week 4 – Start tomato and pepper seeds indoors if planning to put outside mid May ( in 6 weeks).

 

APRIL

Week 1 – Start planting Semi-Hardy Plants from Group B including perennial herbs (see list below).  Apply pre-emergent to turf grass to control annual weeds if using.

Week 2 – Cold tolerant flowers like pansies become available to plant at all nurseries.  Prune shrubs that bloom after June.

Week 3 – Harden off tomato seedlings by exposing them to 40`-50` F for 3 hrs per day this week.  Start melons, cucumber and squash indoors if desired.

Week 4 – Transplant tomato and seedlings under walls of water.  Aerate turf grass.  Prune roses.  Plant dahlia and gladiolus bulbs outside.

 

MAY

Week 1 – Depending on the weather, water lawn and beds 1/2 – 1 inch per week.  Harden off tomato seedlings by exposing them to 40`-50` F for 3 hours every day this week.  Fertilize lawn with organic fertilizer.  Check sprinkler heads and check for adequate water coverage.

Week 2 – Start planting Tender Vegetables in Group C (see list below), including tomatoes.  Check USU Pest Advisory to get a head start on controlling garden pests.  Plant warm weather annual flowers.  Enjoy the harvest of fresh spinach, lettuce, kale and other leafy greens from the garden.

Week 3 – Prune spring blooming shrubs after they finish blooming.  Plant Very Tender Vegetables Group D from seeds outside.

Week 4 – Plant Very Tender Vegetables Group D from starts (see list below).   Apply chelated iron to plants suffering form iron chlorosis like strawberries, raspberries and roses.

 

JUNE

Week 1 – Water lawn and beds 1-1 1/2 inches per week.  Spray fruit trees if choosing to keep the pests away.

Week 2 – Continue harvesting leafy greens, peas and herbs from the garden.

Week 3 – Fertilize vegetables and flowers with a good organic fertilizer like fish emulsion. Check to see of soil is getting watered down 4-6 inches with a garden spade.

Week 4 – Continue harvest of veggies and herbs.  Build compost for garden.  Start broccoli and leek seeds indoors for a fall crop.

 

JULY

Week 1 – Water lawn and beds 1 1/2 – 2 inches per week.  If you planted tomatoes in walls of water enjoy the first harvest by July 4th!

Week 2 – Fertilize annual flowers and veggies, especially potatoes and corn.  Dead head perennials and annuals if needed.

Week 3 – Harvest potatoes if the tops begin to die back so you can use the bed for a fall crop.

Week 4 – Start planting Cold Crops Group E for fall.  Add more compost and fertilizer to soil before planting.

 

AUGUST

Week 1- Water lawn and beds 1 1/2 – 2 inches per week.  Go to your local Farmers Market.

Week 2 – Harvest garlic bulbs.  Make a plan for what you want to preserve for food storage for the year.

Week 3 – Fertilize flowers, fruits and veggies.  Apply more chelated iron to raspberries if needed.  Harvest onions.

Week 4 – Preserve your harvest through canning, drying or freezing.  Visit your local Farmer’s Market.

 

SEPTEMBER

Week 1 – Water lawn and beds 1-1 1/2 inches per week.  Learn how to save seeds.

Week 2 – Plant trees and shrubs if adding to your landscape.  Fertilize lawn.  Visit your local Farmer’s Market.

Week 3 – Fall bulbs become available at local nurseries.  Shop for late season perennials on sale.

Week 4 – Harvest potatoes if you haven’t already.   Enjoy the last of the tender veggies before it freezes.  Plant green cover crops (legumes) to enhance soil for next year.

 

OCTOBER

Week 1 – Water lawn and beds 1/2 – 1 inch per week.

Week 2 – Divide and transplant spring and summer blooming perennials.  Plant fall bulbs if you haven’t already.  Deeply water all evergreen trees and shrubs to prevent winter injury.

Week 3 – Winterize sprinkler system.  Cover fall crop vegetables before hard freeze if using hoop houses or cold frames.

Week 4 – Clean out annuals and dead perennials.  Fertilize lawn one last time for healthy spring lawn.

 

NOVEMBER

Week 1 – Clean and prepare garden tools for a winter.

Week 2 – Clean up any excess leaves or debris to keep the pests from wintering over.

Week 3-4 – Enjoy the beginning of the holidays!  Happy Thanksgiving!  try cooking up some fresh sage, thyme and onions sauteing in butter!  Basting the turkey or making stuffing with it!  Oh I love the holidays!

 

DECEMBER

Happy Christmas!  Give dried herbs in cute glass jars or other yummy homemade garden gifts to neighbors for Christmas!

 

GROUP A HARDY – March 15th – May 1st

Artichoke, Kohlrabi, Asparagus, Onions, Rhubarb, Broccoli, Peas, Spinach, Cabbage, Kale, Radish, Turnip

GROUP B SEMI HARDY – March 20 – May 1st

Beet, Lettuce, Potato, Carrot, Parsley, Salsify, Cauliflower, Parsnip, Swiss Chard, Endive

GROUP C TENDER – May 5 – June 1

Celery, Spinach (again), Cucumber, Summer Squash, Corn

GROUP D VERY TENDER – May 20 – June 10

Cantoloupe, Pumpkin, Eggplant, Tomato, Pepper, Beans, Watermelon, Winter Squash

GROUP E PLANTS FOR FALL HARVEST – Average planting date end of July to beginning of August

Beets, Cabbage, Kale, Lettuce, Spinach, Chard, Carrots, Leeks, Broccoli, Peas